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Unsafe abortions a main killer of Ghana women Abortions are legal in Ghana, but only 4 percent of Ghanaian women know this. As a result, unsafe abortions are widely carried out, making it the major cause of maternal deaths in the country. This was revealed in a new report released by the New York-based Guttmacher Institute. The report brings together data from various studies, including the 2007 Ghana Maternal Health Survey (GMHS), to present what is known about abortion in Ghana.Researchers found that more than one in 10 pregnancy-related deaths in Ghana are the result of unsafe abortions. In addition, 13 percent of Ghanaian women who have had an abortion experience complications resulting from unsafe procedures, and fewer than half of them received the needed follow-up care. "These statistics are all the more remarkable because Ghana is one of the few African countries where abortion is legal under fairly broad grounds, and abortion performed by a qualified professional under proper conditions is an extremely safe procedure," according to the report.A major factor contributing to unsafe abortion in Ghana is that only 4 percent of women surveyed in 2007 were aware that abortion is legal under fairly broad grounds. "Unaware that they can legally obtain a safe abortion procedure, many women turn to unsafe providers. Women also face other barriers to accessing safe abortion services, including high cost, a limited number of qualified abortion providers and concerns about social stigma," the report says.According to the 2007 GMHS survey, at least 7 percent of all pregnancies in Ghana end in abortion, and 15 percent of women aged 15–49 admitted to having had an abortion. Abortion rates were highest among 20–24-year-olds, educated and wealthier women, and those living in urban areas.According to the same survey, just over half of Ghanaian women who admitted that they had had an abortion sought a doctor to perform the procedure, while most others turned to pharmacists or traditional midwives to induce abortion. Almost one in five women induced the abortion themselves or had the help of a friend. The most common reason women sought an abortion was not having the financial means to take care of a child. Other frequently reported reasons included wanting to delay childbearing or complete school."That so many Ghanaian women are killed or injured by unsafe abortion is all the more tragic because it is unnecessary," says researcher and report author Gilda Sedgh at the Guttmacher Institute. "Efforts to increase awareness of the law, combined with better access to family planning services, would radically reduce deaths and injuries, improving the lives of women and families in Ghana," Ms Sedgh urges Ghanaian authorities.More than a third of all pregnancies in Ghana are unintended. "This high level of unintended pregnancy is due to the fact that many women who do not want to become pregnant are not using an effective method of contraception," the researcher adds, recommending better reproductive health education for Ghanaian youths

Unsafe Abotions A Main Killer Of Ghana Women

African Health Forum World Aids Day event was held in Holloway at the Islington Central Library in London on the 4th December 2010.Master of ceremony was Fred Chileshe together with Lady C. An opening speech was made by A.H.F Chairperson Mrs Oduka.The event was attended by people from different communities based in London.The theme this year was 'Universal Access and Human Rights' .A testimony was given by Nana Sebe from Ghana. An organization called COFIPRO was represented by Jean Leon. Mr Matambanadzo represented OPAM. ASCOP was represented by Joseph Ngongo.Lisa talked about the effects and impotance of using Aloe vera while Everlyne talked to people about beating the credit crunch.Also present was the Kenya Women Assciation based at Moran House in Willesden London. African Relief Support Project representetive talked about their work since their establishment in May 2010. Dr Fletcher Phiri talked about the effects of the HIV/AIDS virus at present the world over. A Congolese Youth Association Drama group entertained the guests with a performance. Dr Prudence Mwanza from Health Living Shows was there demonstrating how to prepare a healthy three course meal and offering to visit guests in their homes.Tasty African food was served while African Cultural Development music and dance act played music. Childen were catered for and had fun playing around. The event started at about 7pm to 11pm.

African Health Forun Word Aids Day

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The Zambia Trust Association annual meeting 2010 at the Zambia High Commission was fully attended by Trustees and members. Present was the High Commissioner to the UK. H.E. Mukwena. A number of subjects and the present work and achievements by the Society were discussed. H.E Mukwena briefed the members on the present political, business, investiments, economy etc in Zambia. He later answered questions from the guests. Asked how the response has been from Zambians on the campaign to invite them to join the Association,the Chairman said at first it was encouraging until all just went quiet when the £30 membership fee was mentioned. The Society does a lot for the needy in Zambia especially orphans. It will be Ideal for Zambians in the Diaspora to join the Society as many of the hard working founder members have aged. Anyone is welcome to join. The more young or older Zambians to work side by side with the experienced present members the better.

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The Zambia Society Trust

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Fredor Zambian restaurant in Upton Lane East London was a hive of activity on Saturday 11th December 2010.Fountain Of Hope in conjunction with The Perfect Day Foundation had a fund raising event for Street Children in Zambia.The event was well attended by supporters and well wishers. Most of them live in UK and had visited Zambia before.The Zambian food was prepared by Aunty Dorothy's kitchen . Almost all that is included in a typical Zambian dish was available. One of the organizers Kate Newman was later assisted by Aunty Dorothy in a raffle draw. Zambians in London who attended the event thanked the organizers for the wonderfull work they were doing in Zambia and urged to give support every time.After the raffle draw, around 11pm most of the guests left and almost immediatelly the restaurant was swarmed by Zambians and friends of Zambian from around London. People carried on enjoying the food music and drinks until early hours of the morning without any disturbance. Well done Kate and crew not forgetting our very own Aunty Dorothy. click here to view the photos

Fund Raising Diner For Street Children In Zambia

JEWS IN ZAMBIA Jews of Zambia - a book review -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Zambian Jewish Community From Yiddish-speaking cattle traders and adventurers in the nineteenth century to intellectuals and professionals in the twentieth, Zion in Africa chronicles the history and culture of the small Jewish community in Zambia and affirms that Zambian Jewry, as an ethnic group, indeed exists. The book is supplemented by maps of Zambia (also known before its independence in 1964 as Northern Rhodesia), with its eight neighboring countries in south central Africa, and central African cattle-trails (c. 1900s-1960). In addition to secondary sources, its eleven-page bibliography provides explanations on the sources, list of interviews, archives, and private collections. Photographs from the early 1900s to 1997 provide visual insights into the appearance of Zambian Jewry, their Synagogue, shops, and the like. The book also includes a list of abbreviations, copious endnotes, and a thirteen-page index. The opening chapter provides a wide definition of the "Jewishness" of the people discussed in this book. Unlike the strict religious definition that values maternal descent, the authors provide an ethnic definition to include anyone of Jewish descent, including those who converted to Christianity, and others who consider themselves Jewish through paternal descent and for other reasons. Jews in Zambia are viewed by Macmillan and Shapiro as "a fairly common social phenomenon: an immigrant ethnic group which, through the force of historical circumstances, rather than heredity [specializes ...] in a particular field of economic and commercial activity" (p.1).For the benefit of future descendants, this book lists almost everyone in Northern Rhodesia/Zambia who falls under this category, including those who have emigrated to, were born or raised in, and those who settled for a while and then left. Macmillan and Shapiro’s fascinating in-depth research deals with Jewish settlers and refugees, both men and women, often with meager financial means, who have emigrated to the welcoming Northern Rhodesia/Zambia and became successful to a certain degree. Regardless of how secular or assimilated many of these immigrants were – be they Yiddish-speakers from eastern Europe, German-speakers from Germany, Ladino-speakers from the former Ottoman Empire, or Anglophones from South Africa, England and Ireland -- all had in common their ethnic identity and their social position as a minority group. This resulted in building an infrastructure that included such institutions as Hebrew congregations, synagogues, and even a commitment to the secular national movement, Zionism. The early grain or cattle-traders, risk-taking entrepreneurs, and farmers endured great difficulties, such as widespread anti-Semitism and local racism among the white population, blackwater fever, and bankruptcy. Despite thesehardships, they established trading communities along the railway, in the geographic area known as the Line of Rail, and the copper mines on the Copperbelt, they built rural stores, developed farms and ranches, and they played a significant role in developing towns and in the new Zambian industries such as textiles or the Tranz Zambezi Industries (TZI). Macmillan and Shapiro state that "the status of the Jews as economic or political refugees did give them a greater commitment to the development of national interests, and national capital, than most other settlers" (p.291). What is undeniable is that a strong motivation to succeed, the predominance of close-knit family networks, and, what is most important, a system of direct links with London merchants, personal trust, and the extension of credit system were crucial elements that contributed, for instance, to the eventual success of the Diamond family’s business, or that saved the Susmans from bankruptcy. Zambian Jewry’s investment in the land may be simply summed up with the words of Helen Mohrer, a German Jewish refugee: "Northern Rhodesia was very good to us, and as Northern Rhodesia grew, so we grew with the country" (p.293). Several chapters are devoted to the history of prominent families in a more explicit fashion. Chapter Two, for example, recounts the history of the Susman family from their humble beginnings as cattle traders to their contributions to the economic development of both Northern and Southern Rhodesia. Both brothers Elie and Harry Susman came from an Orthodox family in the Lithuanian shtetl of Riteve. As pioneer cattletraders, they had overcome the risks posed by the tsetse fly, lions, and crocodiles when crossing the Zambezi river. Chapter Four provides information on Moss Dobkins, a Jewish trader who arrived from England in 1905 and died at the age of ninety in 1984. The information relies upon Dobkins’ diary and his partial autobiography. It describes his life and that of his family, his joining the Northern Rhodesian Volunteer Force, Mobile Column (known also as the Northern Rhodesia Rifles) in World War I, his relationship with Christian missionaries and Freemasonry, and "how it felt, and what it meant, to be an immigrant Jew in central Africa in the early years of the twentieth century" (p.70). Abe Galaun, discussed in the tenth chapter, is another example of economic success. This chairman of the Lusaka Hebrew Congregation and former member of the Lusaka Chamber of commerce arrived as an immigrant from the shtetl of Vorne in the Russian Empire. Abe Galaun and his siblings came to Africa "because the United States was effectively closed to them by the quota system" (p.182). With their agricultural activities, the Galauns flourished economically in the country, even during the post colonial period of economic decline, as owners of eight farms totaling 25,000 acres of land, and of a vast amount of retail businesses such as butcheries, grocery stores, a hotel, and the first non-segregated movie theater in Lusaka. Their contributions to the economic development of Zambia manifested itself by supplying cattle, developing dairy production, and exporting tobacco, coffee, and horticultural items.Macmillan and Shapiro give us some information, although not enough, about the Jewish women who emigrated to the area although they admit that women held a central role in the formation of a Jewish community life in the region. Their absence on the frontier in Northern Rhodesia in the early years may help explain the difficulties in observing religious customs. Macmillan and Shapiro tell us that "it was only with the arrival of Jewish women and the formation of families, which went together with the development of modern towns along the Line of Rail, that there was any attempt at organized religious activity" (p.207). Women such as Frieda Glasser, Helenne Illion, Peggy Rabb, or Hessie Lowenthal, just to name a few, were active and independent. The devoutly orthodox Frieda Glasser, for instance, owned the first bakery and dairy in Lusaka. We learn that Peggy Rabb, the federal president of the Women’s International Zionist Organization (WIZO) and national president of the Union of Jewish Women, was also the former president of the Women’s Institutes of the Federation, and former member of the Northern Rodesian Education Advisory Board. These women were clearly active in Jewish communal organizations and were important in the building of Hebrew congregations, but unfortunately we do not learn about them in this book as much as we do about the men. In addition to the detailed accounts of the early days on the frontier, the strongest part of Zion in Africa is the in-depth examination based on archival documents and immigration files such as the 1930s Colonial Office discussions about Jewish immigration which opposed Jewish settlement in the area. The hardship involved in the settlement and absorption of Holocaust survivors in the region is another interrelated issue addressed in the book. Unlike the earlier settlers who spoke Yiddish, the newcomers spoke German and were assimilated into German culture resulting with a difficult period of adjustment. Zion in Africa includes Jewish involvement in politics and contributions to Zambia’s history, all the while not neglecting to provide the reader with a general history of central and southern Africa and providing details on several riots on the Copperbelt and government mismanagement. Contributions to public life and involvement in local government are manifested in the position Jewish men held in this arena. Among them, just to mention a few, are Hyan Schulman, the first Jewish mayor of Ndola in 1937, Maurice Rabb twice mayor of Livingstone in 1951 and 1956, and Dennis Figov, twice mayor in Luanshya. In the national politics, the civil engineer Simon Zukas was appointed in 1991 deputy Minister to President Chiluba’s Zambian government. Immigrant refugee resigned following political disagreements with the new constitution which "contained clauses debarring immigrants, or their children, from running for the office of President" (p.258). The book at times is too detailed. Nevertheless, its lucid style makes the fifteen Chapters a pleasure to read. Although mentioned briefly, more attention perhaps should have been given to the relationship between the Jewish minority and the African majority and other immigrant groups, or to the African shop-assistants’ and customers’ perceptions of the Jewish immigrants. But that may be a topic for a whole new book. Although Macmillan and Shapiro prove that Jewish immigrants were able to adapt quickly to tropical Africa in the years before and after independence, this volume emphasizes, and almost glorifies, the economic role of Zambian Jewry. Expressing their concern that such a book may be useful to anti-Semitic theorists, Macmillan and Shapiro say the economic roles of Zambian Jewry fits more closely with Braudel’s view of "showing that their relationship to places of economic growth was asmuch symbiotic as catalytic " (p.287). To our great benefit, Macmillan and Shapiro succeed in using their subject matter to the fullest and thus fulfil the book’s potential.

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UK BASED RECORDING TRIO UK based trio of Zambian song bird Elaka, DJ Marlon "The Raging Bull" and veteran song writer Mukuka aka "San Saan" recently got together in a London studio and recorded a political song. The track called 'Tulemibechula' was penned by Mukuka who is the lead singer in the track. Backing vocals are by the sexy Elaka and a powerful voice message by Marlon."I have decided to come out rather than being in the back ground as a song writer, this is the begining, more is on the way" said Mukuka. "It was quite amazing and exiting being in a proper studio"added the "Raging Bull""All is fine I liked the song thats why I jumped on the wagon, Im looking foward to more projects like this" Elaka hinted.Photos on the left are of the trio in a recording studio in London.Listen to the song and send your comment.

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song - "Tulemibechula"lead singer/writer - Mukukabacking vocals - Elakamessage voice/writer - Marlon

Busy in the studio

MICHAEL SIMWANZA'S DEATH Luton man cleared of murder Michael Simwanza was fatally stabbed at a recreation ground in Luton 'Boy stabbed days before birthdayA mother broke down and was removed from court when a jury cleared a teenager of murdering her son.Julie Bwalya, 35, yelled out in anguish as Kierron Brown, 18, was found not guilty at Luton Crown Court of murdering Michael Simwanza, 17.Mr Brown, of Eynsford Road, Luton, denied murdering Michael on 31 October last year.He admitted pulling a knife but said it was in self-defence because Michael had pistol-whipped and robbed him.Mr Brown cried with his head in his hands in the dock and three women in the jury were also in tears on Wednesday.Mrs Bwalya was removed from the courtroom by police officers.'Kidnapped and threatened' The court heard her son, who went to school in Hemel Hempstead, was fatally stabbed in the chest at a Luton recreation ground where he had gone to buy cannabis.The dealer, Mr Brown, later told police he had taken the knife with him to Kingsway recreation ground for protection as he had been kidnapped and threatened in the past.Prosecutor Beverley Cripps said Michael, from Farley Hill, Luton, went behind the clubhouse at 61FC on Dunstable Road, where Mr Brown was going to sell cannabis for £20, but the transaction became violent.She said witnesses saw a knife in Mr Brown's hand."Michael fell forward onto the ground. He was fatally wounded," said the prosecutor.'Family threats' Giving evidence, Mr Brown admitted pulling a hunting knife on Michael.He said: "I was scared. I thought he was going to shoot me so I pulled my knife out and swung it around."I didn't think I had connected with him. He just carried on hitting me."Mr Brown admitted he had gone to the recreation ground to sell cannabis to a friend.When the friend did not turn up he got talking to Michael who he had never met before, he said.Asked why he carried the knife, he said he had been kidnapped three weeks before and beaten up.He said he and his family received threats and he believed the person who had set up the kidnap was another cannabis dealer.Mr Brown was freed by Mr Justice Cooke, who told the jury: "I am sorry the case was distressing for you, too."

HOW TO WRITE A SONG CONTINUEDThe next step. Once you have written a compelling song with a memorable melody, emotionally evocative lyric, and good structure that keeps the listener's attention, you'll want to make a demo to show it off. Advances in recording technology have revolutionized home recording. It's now relatively easy and affordable to put together a home demo studio. Although a course in home recording is beyond the scope of this article, here are a couple of ways to get started... HOME MIDI STUDIOS: There several inexpensive software programs that include both midi sequencers (for use with midi keyboards) and audio recording capability (to record vocals and guitar). Cakewalk Home Studio (Windows) will get you started for under $100! Acid Home Studio is another inexpensive sequencer and it comes with a huge library of loops that make assembling a track a breeze. For Mac users there's Garageband from Apple. It's included in the iLife software package for under $80. You'll need a midi keyboard for use with both of these programs. Apple has one for under $100. Yamaha makes a good inexpensive keyboard. PORTASTUDIOS: If you're a singer-songwriter who plays guitar, you might want to bypass the world of midi music entirely and record vocals and guitar direct to disc using a digital Portastudio. This is great for making rough demos and working out your song. Later, you can take your CD-quality tracks to a project studio to add drums and bass when you are ready to submit your song to publishers or producers. Digital Portastudios are now very affordable and sound great. SONGWRITING SOFTWARE: There is a unique software program called Band In A Box (Windows/MAC) that I personally recommend. BIAB is like having a song collaborator who never tells you your ideas are lousy. It will create a chord progression or you can type one in or play one on a midi keyboard. It will create a drum, bass, piano, guitar, and string arrangement based on your chords. You can select from many styles - finding one that sounds good can take a little while but you only need one or two good styles. It can play the arrangement on the internal sounds in your computer or a midi keyboard. (The guitar parts are terrible so mute them. Drums, bass, and piano are all quite good.) BIAB will even create a melody and a title! Melodies tend to be a little generic but you can keep the bits you like and have it create new melodies as much as you like. It's inexpensive, fun, creative, and a great place to start a new song from scratch! If you have a sequencer or software synth you like to use, you can export BIAB files as Standard Midi Files and import them into other music programs. This software looks dorky at first and there's definitely a learning curve but it's the best all-in-one creative tool I've found for songwriters!OTHER RECORDING RESOURCES:I like to be in control of the final sound of my songs, so I record and mix everything in my home studio. But this can be very time-consuming and it does take away from the time you can spend writing songs. If this is a bit more than you want to take on, never fear, there are some alternatives. Go to your local community college and talk to someone in the music department. You'll find a half dozen students with home recording facilities who will either be willing to collaborate with you, record your song for a nominal sum, or do it as a school assignment for credit. There are studios in many cities that specialize in arranging, recording and mixing demos. Most local bands know someone with a home studio, so ask around at the clubs. Meet as many people in the local music scene as you can. You'll find resources, collaborators, and information that will be very helpful. When you've a few songs recorded, you can go to GarageBand.com and post them. If you review other people's songs you can earn credits toward posting your own songs for FREE. Listening to the songs and demos on this site is a great way to get a feel for what's going on in the world of indie artists and songwriters. Chat with other musicians and songwriters on the message boards. Expose yourself!!! (Well, only if you feel like.) For some useful links, check out the Songwriter Resources page on this site where you'll find links to online songwriter forums, message boards, web sites, and contests. One last thought... Of course, all given here is a doorway into songwriting. There are other ways to approach songwriting but all are just other doors. Once you go through the door, that's when you really begin to learn. Everything you need to know is right there in your CD collection. Study the work of your favorite artists to learn what they're doing. Thankfully, you don't need to reinvent the wheel every time you write a song. Stand on the shoulders of giants; use what others have discovered and build on it. Don't worry that you will end up sounding like someone else - you will always sound just like you. No one else has your voice, your experiences, or your talents. CLICK HERE TO GO BACK TO HOW TO WRITE A SONG

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Malawi’s late president Bingu wa Mutharika’s widow Callista suspects that her husband...........

The following exert is part of a narrative written by our late father...........



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